Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences (hereinafter referred to as "Kunming Institute of Botany") is a research institution directly under the Chinese Academy of Sciences and an important comprehensive research institution in the field of botany and phytochemistry in China. Kunming Plant is trained in "the original mountains and rivers of extreme vegetation", aiming to understand plants, use plants, benefit the people.
At the early stage of its establishment, Kunming Institute of Botany brought together many famous botanical scholars in China, which was the first time for Chinese people to study Yunnan plants. The older generation of botanists, unafraid of hard work and hard life, devoted themselves to serving the country with science, laying a solid foundation for Yunnan botanical research. In 1963, the Kunming Institute of Botany put forward that "flowers bloom in three zones, and fruit bears in all directions. The guideline of the Office is to build a comprehensive research institute and develop and utilize plant resources to serve the national economic construction.
Since its establishment, the development of various undertakings of Kunming Plant Institute has always been closely combined with the national needs. In the 1940s, Meiyanda Jinyuan was introduced for trial planting and cultivation to prove its suitability, and high-quality seedlings were cultivated to help the development of Yunnan tobacco industry. In the 1950s, he took an active part in the investigation of suitable rubber forests, determined suitable areas for rubber planting, broke the blockade of imperialism on New China, and laid the foundation for the development of natural rubber industry by the country; The establishment of a "nature reserve" in 1956 and a "germplasm resource bank" in 1999 have been proposed to provide forward-looking and strategic strategies for national biodiversity protection. The establishment of the first State Key Laboratory of Yunnan Province was approved in 2001, which provides strategic support for the development of phytochemistry and the sustainable utilization of plant resources in western China. In order to lay a scientific foundation for the sustainable utilization of plant resources in China, I compiled and researched the Flora of China (Chinese and English versions), the Flora of Yunnan, the Flora of Tibet and the Floristic Geography of Seed Plants of China. Research and development of a number of new drugs, such as "gastrodin", "Gongxuening", "Qingyangshen", "Yankangshu Tablet", "grass aconitine", "Shenshuigin tablet", "Sphingycosin", "Compound SH", "oxenoloxet", "Dendyapine", "Fincroxone", "LFG-53", etc., which have made important contributions to the development of national natural medicine; Solve the artificial cultivation of gastrodia elata, pinus mushroom and truffle, break through the key technology of the industrialization of morels, select and breed new varieties of Yunnan camellia, rhododendron, primrose and orchid, and decipher the tea tree genome to provide support for the development of local economy and industry in Yunnan.