2022
07/12
相关创新主体

    创新背景

    历史文物是人类文明宝贵的遗产,当前文物的保存和博物馆之间的相互借用主要存在以下几个问题:文物真假鉴定的纠结、权威估价衡定、文物权属确定的缺失、传统贸易中介信用等。利用新兴技术解决文物相关的问题,将有利于保护文化遗产。

    创新过程

    区块链是信息技术领域的术语,它的本质是一个共享数据库,存储于其中的数据或信息,具有不可伪造、全程留痕、可以追溯、公开透明、集体维护等特征。基于区块链的保密和安全特征,他创造了信任可靠的合作机制,目前已经广泛运用于金融和大数据等方面。

    面对文物权属和信息留存等问题,区块链的去中心化和安全保密特征有极大的积极作用。历史文化遗产的独特性需要去中心化地明确时间、权属、地域等信息,区块链实际上就是独立的小循环,通过相互连接的智能设备,为彼此之间的服务交易带来便利。
    将区块链技术运用于文物遗产保护,首先详细登记文物和文物权属信息,然后将信息数字化,利用区块链记录保存数字文件信息。基于区块链不可篡改、永久存储的特性,文物的实物与照片、三维模型等文物信息数据以及文物所有者将建立一一对应关系,明确文物权属,有效解决文物保管、权属、鉴定、防盗以及防损等问题。每一个环节在区块链技术下都是透明并且无法更改的。

    此外,保存文物的主体如博物馆等可以加入相关区块链中,成为其中一个节点,共同构成保护文物的特殊联盟和数字网络。区块链的本质是一个每个节点参与信息传递并维护的公共数据库,博物馆加入区块链中以后,可以阅读共享文物数据库,并根据现实情况对相关数据进行及时的维护更新。

    清华大学研究团队在2017年发明专利《一种基于区块链技术的文物及艺术品数字存证的方法》,为利用区块链技术保护文物遗产提供了技术支撑。

    创新关键点

    利用区块链技术建立文物保护信息网,明确文物权属,使文物信息透明公开,有效保护文物遗产。

    创新价值

    结合历史文物遗产和区块链技术,促进文物保护高科技发展,进一步加强保护措施有效性。

    Leverage blockchain innovation to support heritage conservation

    Blockchain is a term in the field of information technology, its essence is a shared database, stored in the data or information, with the characteristics of imforable, full traceability, traceability, openness and transparency, collective maintenance and so on. Based on the confidentiality and security characteristics of blockchain, he has created a trusted and reliable cooperation mechanism, which has been widely used in finance and big data.

    Faced with issues such as cultural relics ownership and information retention, the decentralized and secure and confidential features of blockchain have a great positive effect. The uniqueness of historical and cultural heritage requires decentralized clarification of information such as time, ownership, and region, and blockchain is actually an independent small cycle, bringing convenience to each other's service transactions through interconnected smart devices.

    The application of blockchain technology to the protection of cultural relics and heritage, first register the cultural relics and cultural relics ownership information in detail, and then digitize the information, and use the blockchain record to save the digital file information. Based on the immutable and permanent storage characteristics of the blockchain, the physical objects of cultural relics will establish a one-to-one correspondence between the physical objects and photos, three-dimensional models and other cultural relics information data and cultural relics owners, clarify the ownership of cultural relics, and effectively solve the problems of cultural relics custody, ownership, identification, theft prevention and loss prevention. Every link is transparent and cannot be changed under blockchain technology.

    In addition, the main body of preserving cultural relics, such as museums, can join the relevant blockchain and become one of the nodes, which together constitute a special alliance and digital network for the protection of cultural relics. The essence of the blockchain is a public database that each node participates in the transmission and maintenance of information, and after the museum joins the blockchain, it can read the shared cultural relics database and update the relevant data in a timely manner according to the actual situation.

    In 2017, the research team of Tsinghua University invented the patent "A Method for Digital Deposition of Cultural Relics and Works of Art Based on Blockchain Technology", which provides technical support for the use of blockchain technology to protect cultural relics and heritage.

     

    智能推荐

    • 艺术设计创新 | “朵云书院”创意设计

      2022-06-28

      由Wutopia Lab设计的朵云书院黄岩店,于2021年6月26日正式落成并盛大开幕。这是诞生于上海的朵云书院的外省市首店。可谓一朵象征理想主义的云,缓缓升起在永宁江畔。

      涉及学科
      涉及领域
      关键词 
    • 设计学创新思维 | 新型竹结构移动工作舱

      2022-07-11

      流动工作舱落成于2021年盛夏。它是南大建城乡村振兴工作营松溪支队建筑组成员主导设计,在福建省南平市松溪版画夏令营中由支队成员、工厂专员、当地乡民共同搭建完成的预制化装配式多功能空间产品。是南大建城乡村振兴工作营六期以来首次实现的由学生主导设计、跟进生产并现场建造的完整建筑作品——这将是一个全新的起点。

      涉及学科
      涉及领域
      关键词 
    • 利用人工智能帮助兽医编写笔记

      2022-08-18

      由医学院科学家领导的一个团队开发了一种算法,可以读取兽医打印的记录,并预测动物可能患有的特定疾病。

      涉及学科
      涉及领域
      关键词 
    • 利用新方法创造特殊单原子催化剂

      2022-08-16

      能源部SLAC国家加速器实验室和斯坦福大学的科学家的一项新研究:将单个铱原子锚定在催化剂表面将水分子分裂的效率大幅度提高。

      涉及学科
      涉及领域
      关键词